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The gasoline additive MTBE, which has been blamed for contaminating ground water, is turning up in fuel supplies in states where it is not required, according to researchers.
Reynaldo Barreto, associate professor of chemistry at Purdue University North Central, said that means the entire country is potentially at risk of pollution, the Associated Press reported. Barreto, who wants an immediate ban on the chemical, said it is likely being spread by tanker trucks, storage facilities and pipes that once held gasoline containing MTBE.
MTBE is added to gasoline to make it burn cleaner, but it has been linked to cancer. Several states have voted to ban the additive. In California, oil companies have until the end of next year phase out its use.
"It has so permeated the fuel distribution system that it is a potential threat in areas where it is not in use," said Barreto, who presented his findings at a National Chemical Society meeting.
MTBE also is found in cities where it is not required because it is a common octane enhancer in premium-grade gasoline, said Paul Torstrick, a member of the Illinois Petroleum Marketers Association board of directors.
Barreto based his research on more than 200 samples collected from convenience stores and gas stations in Indiana, Illinois and Michigan -- none of which are required to use MTBE, the report said.
More than 70 percent of the samples in all three states contained MTBE, and 25 percent of the total samples contained significant amounts, Barreto said.
In Indiana, 40 percent of the gas stations sampled contained a significant amount of MTBE, over 500 parts per million, Barreto said. He said one ounce of the substance is capable of contaminating 1,000 tons of water.
"I put my study up as a warning that this problem is bigger than anyone is willing to admit," Barreto said. "It just amazes me how little people know about it around here."
A study released last year by the U.S. Geological Survey and the Oregon Graduate Institute's Department of Environmental Study said about a third of drinking water wells in 31 states might be contaminated with MTBE, the report said.